(9,065,000 sq. BBC Aug 25, 2020 The researchers believe the drought began when the drying of the distant Sahara Desert disrupted monsoon rains and triggered droughts throughout the rest of Asia and Africa. Temperature of the Sahara Desert Filling nearly all of northern Africa, it measures approximately 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from east to west and between 800 and 1,200 miles from north to south and has a total area of some 3,320,000 square miles (8,600,000 square km); the actual area varies as the desert expands and contracts over time. Hebrews midbar, "pasture-ground;" an open tract for pasturage; a common ().The "backside of the desert" is the west of the desert, the region behind a man, as the east is the region in front.The same Hebrew word is rendered "wildernes," and is used of the country lying between Egypt and Palestine (Genesis 21:14, 21; Exodus 4:27; 19:2; Joshua 1:4), the wilderness of the wanderings. Although these industries have introduced potentially high-wage jobs to the Sahara, they are also responsible for the displacement of desert peoples from their traditional modes of existence and have contributed to the increasing overcrowding and poverty in developed regions. (sə-hâr′ə, -hăr′ə, -hä′rə) A vast desert of northern Africa extending east from the Atlantic coast to the Red Sea and south from the Atlas Mountains and the Mediterranean Sea to the Sahel. What does Sahara mean? Definitions of Sahara from WordNet. Sahara definition: a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Red Sea and from the... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Dictionary entry overview: What does Sahara Desert mean? Satellite data spanning more than twenty years now shows that the Sahel is holding its own against the Sahara and may be recovering with the return of near-normal rainfall. Another meaning of Sahara is " Moon ". The vast desert encompasses several ecologically distinct regions. Variations. The name Sahara means Desert and is of Arabic origin. (The Arctic basin and the Antarctic continent -- … But of all the deserts in the world, it ranks third … The age of the Sahara has been a matter of some dispute. What Is An Em Dash And How Do You Use It? The Sahara is the world's largest desert; it extends across most of the northern part of Africa. The Sahara Desert ecoregion covers an area of 4,619,260 km (1,783,510 sq mi) in the hot, hyper-arid center of the Sahara, surrounded on the north, south, east, and west by desert ecoregions with higher rainfall and more vegetation. Find out more about the name Sahara at BabyNames.com. Other organisms, although adapted more for a Mediterranean or tropical climate than an arid one, have persisted in the Sahara mostly by sticking to its slightly more hospitable highlands and oases. It is the hottest desert in the world! In Arabic the Sahara is called Al-Ṣaḥrāʾ al-Kubrā, or “the Great Desert.” The Arabic word ṣaḥrāʾ simply means “desert,” and its plural form, ṣaḥārāʾ, is where the northern African desert gets its Anglicized name. The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. It is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Atlas Mountains, the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, and the Sahel region. The word Sahara is derived from the Arabic word ‘ṣaḥra’ meaning desert. STARTS/ENDS WITH Sa-, -ara. SEE ALSO Sarah. The expert explorer will find something interesting in Sahara, but almost any prowler will have a rare time in Panama. (9,065,000 sq. The Sahara Desert is located in the northern portion of Africa and covers over 3,500,000 square miles (9,000,000 sq km) or roughly 10% of the continent. km (3,500,000 sq. Just look at the Sahara Desert, which 6000 years ago was a tropical jungle. The dunes ca… S ahara as a girls' name is pronounced sah-HAH-rah. In the northern Sahara, these formations are also associated with a series of basins and depressions extending from the oases of western Egypt to the chotts of Algeria. Sahara - Sahara - Climate: The age of the Sahara has been a matter of some dispute. Sahara, a desert in North Africa, the largest hot desert in the world. As a verb, it means to leave someone or something. Dictionary.com Unabridged When they talk about a foreign desert in a place called “X”, they say “Sahra X”. The bled is made of very different stuff from the sand-ocean of the Sahara. Though boasting an extremely low primary productivity, the Sahara does manage to support some life. km). Ancient Origins articles related to Sahara Desert in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends. A protagonist is the main character of a story, or the lead. The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day. Over much of the Sahara, these formations were covered by Mesozoic deposits—including the limestones of Algeria, southern Tunisia, and northern Libya, and the Nubian sandstones of the Libyan Desert—and many of the important regional aquifers are identified with them. The Sahara exhibits great climatic variability within its borders, with two major climatic regimes differentiating along a north-south axis: the desert’s northern latitudes are arid subtropical and have two rainy seasons, while the southern ones, although also arid, are more tropical and have only one rainy season. The highest point in the desert is the 11,204-foot (3,415-metre) summit of Mount Koussi in the Tibesti Mountains in Chad. SEE ALSO Sarah. The discovery of 7-million-year-old dune deposits throughout northern Chad in 2006, however, suggests that the region became … It had taken the camels and their black-turbaned Berber herders four long days to walk from the Sahara. Place name: an inhospitable desert in North Africa. The plateaus of the Sahara, such as the Tademaït Plateau of Algeria, are typically covered with angular, weathered rock. It comes after Antarctica and Arctic deserts. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? A soldier who runs away from the army is called a deserter. Several studies of the rocks in the region indicate that the Sahara became established as a climatic desert approximately 2–3 million years ago, an interval that spanned from the late Pliocene to the early Pleistocene Epoch. STARTS/ENDS WITH Sa-, -ara. Sand dunes in the Sahara, near Merzouga, Morocco. VARIANTS Saharah, Saharra, Sahra, Zahara. “Monolith” vs. “Megalith”: What’s The Difference? Desertification is a type of land degradation in drylands in which biological productivity is lost due to natural processes or induced by human activities whereby fertile areas become increasingly arid. The Sahara is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west, the Red Sea on the east, the Mediterranean Sea on the north and the Sahel Savannah on the south. The Sahara Desert is the world’s third most extensive desert after the Antarctica and Arctic. While the shifts between a green Sahara and a desert do constitute a type of climate change, it’s important to understand that the mechanism differs from what we think of … The southern reaches of the Sahara end in the Sahel, a semiarid buffer zone that separates the desert from the more temperate savanna biomes beyond. mi. It is bounded in the east by the Red Sea and it stretches west to the Atlantic Ocean. Place name: an inhospitable desert in North Africa. Related: Top 10 Incredibly Adaptive Sahara Desert Animals. What’s The Difference Between “Yule” And “Christmas”? Sand dunes (ergs, edeyin, or ramlah) cover great areas of the Sahara. Sahara is a name that's been used primarily by parents who are considering baby names for girls. Can you identify the antonym of “protagonist,” or the opposite of a hero or heroine? CREATIVE FORMS (female) Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Of Sahara, hostile to those who do not understand their language, 262. Science Magazine Aug 23, 2020 He was happy when the Khawams opened a series of restaurants of their own, all called Sahara. The climate of the Sahara, Too extreme. The meaning of Sahara is " Desert ". Various hypotheses have been advanced to explain the phenomenon, such as those based upon the piezoelectric property of crystalline quartz, but the mystery remains unsolved. mi. Author of. It is also related to the adjective aṣḥar, meaning desertlike and carrying a strong connotation of the reddish colour of the vegetationless plains. Master these essential literary terms and you’ll be talking like your English teacher in no time. Its origin is " Arabic ". The name Sahara derives from the Arabic noun ṣaḥrāʾ, meaning desert, and its plural, ṣaḥārāʾ. Satellite data spanning more than twenty years now shows that the Sahel is holding its own against the Sahara and may be recovering with the return of near-normal rainfall. The American Interest reports that vast aquifers of water have been found beneath the Sahara desert. Saharan synonyms, Saharan pronunciation, Saharan translation, English dictionary definition of Saharan. Describe 2020 In Just One Word? Sahara ( n.) the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa; Sahara Name Meaning. The serirs and regs differ in character in various regions of the desert but are believed to represent Cenozoic depositional surfaces. a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Nile valley. Highest recorded temperature: 58°C (136.4°F), On Foot in the High Atlas Mountains of Morocco, Jill Kelley’s Campaign to Befriend Petraeus, Allen, and Other Top Brass, ‘Fear Factor’ Donkey Semen, More Gross Things Eaten on TV (Video), An Account of Timbuctoo and Housa Territories in the Interior of Africa. The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition The Sahara Desert is the world's largest hot, non-polar desert and is located in North Africa. The principal topographical features of the Sahara include shallow, seasonally inundated basins (chotts and dayas) and large oasis depressions; extensive gravel-covered plains (serirs or regs); rock-strewn plateaus (hammadas); abrupt mountains; and sand sheets, dunes, and sand seas (ergs). a. An unusual phenomenon associated with desert sands is their “singing” or booming. Sahara definition, a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Nile valley. There are also indigenous names for particular areas—such as the Tanezrouft region of southwestern Algeria and the Ténéré region of central Niger—which are often of Berber origin. Sahara definition: a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Red Sea and from the... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Red Sea and from the Mediterranean to central Mali, Niger, Chad, and the Sudan: the largest desert in the world, occupying over a quarter of Africa; rises to over 3300 m (11 000 ft) in the central mountain system of the Ahaggar and Tibesti massifs; large reserves of iron ore, oil, and natural gas. It is also the world’s largest hot desert extending to an area of 3,600,000 square miles with average temperatures during the hottest months reaching 100.4 to 104.0 °F. VARIANTS Saharah, Saharra, Sahra, Zahara. The Ahaggar Plateau rises from the barren landscape of the Sahara in southern Updates? Even after these lakes ceased to exist, humans survived for centuries in the desert using alternative methods: nomadic pastoralists herded goats, sheep, or camels to whatever pasturage could be found; sedentary agriculturalists, confined to oases, harnessed their limited water resources to grow crops such as date palms and barley; and specialists (for example, blacksmiths) traded wares with their agriculturalist and pastoralist neighbors. A number of other factors affect climatic variability within the Sahara as well: topography does so, as do ocean currents, the latter of which are responsible for the slightly cooler and more humid conditions found on the desert’s western margins. The lowest, 436 feet (133 metres) below sea level, is in the Qattara Depression of Egypt. The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest hot desert. Animals such as the desert snail survive by using estivation, a period of dormancy that some animals can enter when encountering extreme environmental stress. https://www.britannica.com/place/Sahara-desert-Africa, LiveScience - The Sahara: Facts, Climate and Animals of the Desert, Sahara - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Sahara - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Accounts emerge from the harrowing Islamist attack on an oil field in the Sahara Desert. What does Sahara mean? A string of dry years shriveled vegetation in Africa's Sahel, causing some to fear that the Sahara Desert was shifting south. Many of the organisms that can survive have been able to do so with adaptations for arid environments: for example, many herbaceous plants found in the Sahara are ephemerals, meaning that almost all of their life cycle—from germination to seed dispersal—occurs in the two- to three-week period after a heavy rain. About 3,500,000 sq. Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Desert in Arabic is “Sahra” and not “Sahara”. The name Sahara comes from an Arabic word, sahra', meaning “desert.” There are also local names in indigenous languages for areas such as the Tanezrouft, which is a pebbly plain in southwest Algeria, and the Tenere (Land of Fear) in Niger. Modern economic development has disrupted many of these traditional means of subsistence, however, with many desert dwellers seeking more lucrative opportunities in developed regions and oases. The enormous desert spans 11 countries: Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan and Tunisia.The Sahara desert has a variety of land features, but is most famous for the sand dune fields that are often depicted in movies. They were now staying in the same hotel in this oasis in the desert of Sahara. Average annual rainfall: less than 254 mm (10 in.). On another episode of Man vs. Wild, Grylls finds himself the guest of honor after the killing of a goat in the Sahara. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Sahara definition: 1. a very large desert in North Africa 2. a very large desert in North Africa. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Several pyramidal dunes in the Sahara attain heights of nearly 500 feet, while draa, the mountainous sand ridges that dominate the ergs, are said to reach 1,000 feet. Some scientists estimate that the Sahara became arid about two to three million years ago, while others contend that it happened before this. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition (Page of tag Sahara Desert) (9,065,000 sq. This can refer to a vast sandy area without vegetation, or any empty, lifeless expanse. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins The Sahara Desert covers much of North Africa and spreads from the Red Sea in the east to the Mediterranean in the north to the Atlantic Ocean in the west. It stretches from the Red Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. About 5,000 to 10,000 years ago, the Sahara was a region of savanna vegetation and extensive surface water, most of which had disappeared by Roman times. It is also related to the adjective aṣḥar, meaning desertlike and carrying a strong connotation of the reddish colour of the vegetationless plains. The word for the barren desert, because the stress is on the first syllable, is rarely mistaken for the other uses of the word, in which the second syllable is stressed. The Sahara Desert is located in the northern portion of Africa and covers over 3,500,000 square miles (9,000,000 sq km) or roughly 10% of the continent. 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