iii. Before the altar on the east stand two pillars, on which there were of old gilded eagles. The different versions of the myth are as follows:[19]. : Clement of Alexandria, Exhortation to the Greeks 2 (trans. 10 : "[Depicted in a painting of the underworld by Polygnotos at Delphoi :] Higher up than these is Kallisto (Callisto), daughter of Lykaon (Lycaon), Nomia . § 1; Eustath. 10 : Lycaon, the Cannibal Feast & Wolf Metamorphosis, Lycaon & the Lycaonides Founders of Arcadian Towns. ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. ad Lycoph. "A landsman, feeding on simple food, one of the sons of the oak [i.e. As punishment, he turned Lycaon into a wolf-man and killed all of his fifty sons with lightning bolts, except Nyctimus, who was the slaught… 5 : Pausanias, Description of Greece 10. Taking away her maiden features, she [Artemis] changed her into the form of a bear, called arktos in Greek. . He is said to be Arcas, the son of Jove [Zeus] and Callisto, whom Lycaon served at a banquet, cut up with other meat, when Jupiter [Zeus] came to him as a guest. He also ordered assassins to attack Zeus while he slept to test his immortality. This Kallisto (I repeat the current Greek legend) was loved by Zeus and mated with him. 7112: Hercules finds his son Telephus in Arcadia. "[Constellation the Kneeler.] ", Hesiod, Astronomica Fragment 3 (from Comm. The miniature has a ≃50mm (2 inches) base and ≃85mm (3.3 inches) height. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) Smith) (Greek Christian rhetoric C2nd A.D.) : ", Anonymous (perhaps Pamprepius of Panopolis), Fragments (trans. 8. : Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. "Io, the daughter of Inakhos (Inachus), and Kallisto (Callisto), the daughter of Lykaon (Lycaon), of both of whom exactly the same story is told, to wit, love of Zeus, wrath of Hera, and metamorphosis, Io becoming a cow and Kallisto a bear. Phigalia and Oresthasion in course of time changed their names, Oresthasion to Oresteion after Orestes, the son of Agamemnon, Phigalia to Phialia after Phialos, the son of Boukolion (Bucolion). Mythe. . . "[Callisto] to whom the goddess [Artemis] spake : ‘Daughter of Lycaon forsworn, forsake the company of maids and defile not the pure waters.’", Ovid, Fasti 6. Nyktimos) were his sons. He sought to test the divinity of Zeus by serving the god a slaughtered child--either his son Nyctimus, his grandson Arcas, or a Molossian captive. Lycaon was also call to have had at least three daughters: Callisto, Dia and Psophis. 520 ff (trans. All this is shown to have taken place on the Arcadian mountain Nonacris. Its founder was Haimon (Haemon) the son of Lykaon (Lycaon), and the name of the place has remained Haimoniai to this day. "[Amongst the statues of Olympic victors dedicated at Olympia :] As to the boxer, by name Damarkhos (Damarchus), an Arkadian of Parrhasia, I cannot believe (except, of course, his Olympic victory) what romancers say about him, how he changed his shape into that of a wolf at the sacrifice of Zeus Lykaios (Of the Wolf), and how nine years after he became a man again. " —Lycaon. Zeus became angry as a result … Lykaon was succeeded on the throne by his youngest son Nyktimos or grandson Arkas. According to Ovid, Lycaon mistrusted and derided the signs of Zeus' divine nature which the god openly demonstrated upon arrival to Arcadia. "Sons of Jove [Zeus]. : Lycaon, son of Pelasgus, built a temple to Mercurius [Hermes] of Cyllene in Arcadia. But Zeus in disgust upset the table at the place which is still called Trapezos, and blasted Lykaon and his sons by thunderbolts, all but Nyktimos (Nyctimus), the youngest; for Ge (Gaea, the Earth) was quick enough to lay hold of the right hand of Zeus and so appease his wrath. 5 : There is a stream they call Tritonis, adopting the story about the river Triton. Theoi Project © Copyright 2000 - 2017 Aaron J. Atsma, Netherlands & New Zealand, (Hesiod Catalogues Frag 31, Pausanias 8.2.1, Hyginus Fabulae 176, Suidas s.v. ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 4 : Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. To-day both towns are without inhabitants . Thoknos was said to have built the city on the hill. Those present at the sacrifice wanted to know whether they really were going to having a god as their guest; and, since Lykaon had fifty sons, as they say, from many wives, they sacrificed one of his children and mixed him in with the meat of the sacrifice, so that they would not fail to learn whether a god was really coming. Supplem. He had a son Lykaon (Lycaon) by Meliboia (Meliboea), daughter of Okeanos (Oceanus) or, as others say, by a nymphe Kyllene (Cyllene); and Lykaon, reigning over the Arkadians (Arcadians), begat by many wives fifty sons, to wit : Melaineus, Thesprotos, Helix, Nyktimos, Peuketios, Kaukon, Mekisteus, Hopleus, Makareus, Makednos, Horos, Polikhos, Akontes, Euaimon, Ankyor, Arkhebates, Karteron, Aigaion, Pallas, Eumon, Kanethos, Prothoos, Linos, Korethon, Mainalos, Teleboes, Physios, Phassos, Phthios, Lykios, Halipheros, Genetor, Boukolion, Sokleus, Phineus, Eumetes, Harpaleus, Portheus, Platon, Haimon, Kynaithos, Leon, Harpalykos, Heraieus, Titanas, Mantineus, Kleitor, Stymphalos, Orkhomenos, ((lacuna)) . Lykaon (trans. 140b) (Greek poetry C4th A.D.) : Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 225 (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Hesiod, Astronomica Fragment 3 (from Pseudo-Eratosthenes, Catasterismi 1) (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. : 6 : ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. ], Theocritus, Idylls 1. ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. "As you go from Pheneus to the west, the left road leads to the city Kleitor (Cleitor), while on the right is the road to Nonakris (Nonacris) and the water of the Styx. : ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. As punishment Zeus transformed him into a wolf. . Those who like to listen to the miraculous are themselves apt to add to the marvel, and so they ruin truth by mixing it with falsehood. 3. Lycaon (King) of ARCADIA (Lykaon) Poss. "The stream Neda [in Arkadia] . For Nyktimos (Nyctimus), who was the eldest son of Lykaon (Lycaon), possessed all the power, while the other sons founded cities on the sites they considered best. 125 ff (trans. 6 : Anonymous (perhaps Pamprepius of Panopolis), Fragments (trans. 8. Pelasgus, son of Triopas, first made a temple to Olympian Jove [Zeus] in Arcadia . 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