Relationship between community structure and southern green stink bug (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) damage in macadamia nuts. Duration of the larval stage Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus hilaris. Bulletin de l'Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire. janpi2000. 12 (1), 47-61. Journal of Economic Entomology, 89(5):1124-1129; 24 ref, Jahn GC, Beardsley JW, 1998. Acceptability of different sugars and oils to three tropical ant species (Hymen., Formicidae). Wien. Papua New Guinea and Australia). 27. Wheeler W. M. 1922. This species is a cosmopolitan pest thought to have arisen in Africa. Smith F, 1879. Brood parasitism by mites (Uropodidae) in an invasive population of the pest-ant, Mayr, G. 1861. Ital. Exotic ants in Florida. Hist. We also show offers for Pheidole cf. Pacific Insects Monograph, 14:1-109, Young GR, 2003. Washington, D. C. USA: Smithsonian Institution Press. Promesonotum moderately high-domed, in profile usually subangulate posteriorly, humeri in dorsal view not produced, promesonotal process not conspicuously produced, posterior declivity often weakly marginate anteriorly (at posterior end of pronotum), oblique and angulate at its lower portion. Nonindigenous ants associated with geothermal and human disturbance in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. In Florida, P. megacephala occurs from Tampa through the Florida Keys, with one record from the coast of St. Johns Co. Its rarity in north Florida is probably due to cooler winter temperatures. Global register of Introduced and Invasive species (GRIIS), P. megacephala is highly invasive and can displace native ants, although the degree of invasiveness varies geographically. I. Formicidae. South African Journal of Science, 88:31-37, Mayr G, 1861. The ants of Tokelau. Tome 2. Homoptera associated with the ants Crematogaster clariventris, Pheidole megacephala and Tetramorium aculeatum (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) on cocoa in Ghana. Res. The Big-headed Ant Pheidole megacephala: A new threat to monsoonal northwestern Australia. Adenuga A. O. Kouakou L. M. M., W. Dekoninck, M. Kone, T. Delsinne, K. Yeo, K. Ouattara, and S. Konate. (Role des communautes d'insectes et de l'eau dans la dissemination de Phytophthora palmivora (Butl.) Species temporal variability: epigaeic ant assemblages and management for abundance and scarcity. Promesonotal outline in lateral view roundly convex, usually evenly declining from highest point toward metanotal groove, posterior process absent. Beitrag zu den wissenschaftlichen Ergebnissen der Forschungsreise H. Eidmann nach Spanisch-Guinea 1939 bis 1940. 1990. Community structure of house-infesting ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in southern Bahia, Brazil. Santschi, F. "Résultats de la Mission scientifique suisse en Angola, 1928-1929. Nature, 259:207-209, Seguni ZSK, Mwaiko W, Materu C, Nyange V, 1999. Development of Pheidole megacephala (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) colonies following ingestion of fenoxycarb and pyriproxyfen. Ecology, 69(4):1302-1305, Cornelius ML, Grace JK, Yates JRIII, 1996. P. megacephala are aggressive toward other species, and war with populations of such locally dominant species as the Indo-Australian weaver ant Oecophylla smaragdina and the cosmopolitan Argentine ant Linepithema humile (= Iridomyrmex humilis). Volume 2. 54: 523-530 (page 530, senior synonym of testacea), Dalla Torre, K. W. von. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. The ant larvae of the myrmicine tribe Pheidolini (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Gaster smooth. Pheidole in the New World: A Dominant, Hyperdiverse Ant Genus. Afrotropical Region: Cameroun, Cape Verde, Gambia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Zimbabwe.Australasian Region: Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand.Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Cook Islands, Fiji, Guam, Hawaii, Indonesia, Kiribati, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), New Guinea, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tokelau, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna Islands.Malagasy Region: Madagascar, Mauritius (type locality), Mayotte, Réunion, Seychelles.Nearctic Region: United States.Neotropical Region: Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Greater Antilles, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Lesser Antilles, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin (French part), Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.Oriental Region: India, Nicobar Island, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam.Palaearctic Region: Canary Islands, China, Egypt, Greece, Iran, Italy, Japan, Montenegro, Oman, Republic of Macedonia, Romania, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Cambridge, Mass., USA: Belknap, Wilson EO, 1984. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus mana. Preliminary assessment on the interactions of Wasmannia auropunctata in native ant communities (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of a mosaic gallery forest/savannah in Lope National Park, Gabon. While this species nests most commonly outside, when found in buildings they occupy ceilings, wall cavities, power outlets and nearly any suitable space. Social structure and genetic distance mediate nestmate recognition and aggressiveness in the facultative polygynous ant, Fujioka, H., Okada, Y. Amer. Florida Entomologist, 78:264-270, Deyrup M, 1991. Name Language; big-headed ant: English: coastal brown ant: English: Propose photo. aNtAsaur. Role of insect communities and water in the dissemination of Phytophthora palmivora (Butl.) Population increase of Toumeyella cubensis (Homoptera: Coccidae) associated with Pheidole megacephala (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmecinae). Effect of natural aerial crown connections between leaves and branches of coconut palms and interplanted citrus trees on interactions between Pheidole megacephala Fabricius and Oecophylla longinoda Latreille. Press, xii + 732 pp. The abundance and interspecific relations of common ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) on cocoa farms in western Nigeria. Beitrag zu den Ergebnissen der Westafrika-Expedition. Entomol. Série A. Sciences Naturelles 34: 611-654. 2018. The Ants. The big-headed ant (Pheidole megacephala) is considered one of the world's worst invasive ant species. 2017. Ant recolonization of sand mines near Richards Bay, South Africa: an evaluation of progress with rehabilitation. Records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Republic of Benin, with particular reference to the mango farm ecosystem. Oleagineux. Nature (London), 232:346-347, Evans HC, 1973. Roger, J. Species of Pheidole Westwood (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) established in New Zealand. Formicidae s. lt. Mémoires du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique. 1802b. Wilson (2003), in his description of the megacephala species group: The single species of this African complex known from the New World, megacephala, is a tropicopolitan tramp globally spread by human commerce. The devastating effect on the native Hawaiian insect fauna was described by the pioneering entomologist R. C. L. Perkins (1913). Habitat differences and occurrence of native and exotic ants on Okinawa Island. Wien: C. Gerolds Sohn, 80 pp. The rear half of the head is smooth and glossy and the front half sculptured. Proceedings of the Hawaii Entomological Society, 3:349-368, Illingworth JF, 1927. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. DOI:10.2307/2401717. Proc. Polynesian ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) species richness and distribution: a regional survey. Preliminary assessment on the interactions of Wasmannia auropunctata in native ant communities (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of a mosaic gallery forest/savannah in Lope National Park, Gabon. Austral Ecology, 25:253-259, Ward D, Beggs J, 2007. & Griff. Australian Entomologist, 30(1):31-38; 17 ref, Zerhusen D, Rashid M, 1992. Ent. This has large mandibleswhich may be used to crush seeds. Kone M., S. Konate, K. Yeo, P. K. Kouassi, and K. E. Linsenmair. Latreille, P. A. The introduced tramp ant, Pheidole megacephala, is a well‐known pest of urban areas and coastal dune ecosystems in eastern Australia.Until recently, establishment and spread of P. megacephala colonies has been regarded as likely only in disturbed areas. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology 8, 263-272. Santschi F. 1914. Taxonomy. http://www.issg.org/database, Jahn GC, Beardsley JW, 1994. A revision of. Major head often heart shaped, with moderately deep posterior emargination, short-irregular longitudinal rugae anteriorly and sculpture absent from posterior 2/5 of head, except for two weak to superficial longitudinal rugulae medially, hypostomal margin without median process and very small to inconspicuous submedian teeth, promesonotum almost completely smooth and shiny, remainder of mesosoma weakly punctate, smooth or superficially sculptured spots usually present on both katepisternum and lateropropodeum, postpetiole on average 1.9 times wider than petiole (PpWI 171–210). Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae). Different behavioural strategies among seven highly invasive ant species. Insect pests of coconuts in the Pacific region. Colony revival, and notes on rearing and life history of the big-headed ant. Acta Oecologica, 32(2):215-223. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/1146609X, Weaving AJS, 1980. Direct and indirect interactions between ants (Pheidole megacephala), scales (Coccus viridis) and plants (Pluchea indica). Gaster smooth and shiny. Tiere 76: 413-490. Excluding pests from red ginger flowers with insecticides and pollinating, polyester, or polyethylene bags. Pheidole megacephala, the most abundant and most dispersed predator, prefers humid forest habitats (Hoffmann et al. Die europäischen Formiciden. Göteborgs Kungliga Vetenskaps och Vitterhets Samhälles Handlingar. 24 (1), 25-33. 2016. Journal of Economic Entomology, 73(3):403-406, Collingwood CA, 1979. Scientia Horticulturae, 51(1-2):155-163, Haskins CP, Haskins EF, 1965. Discovery of an aggressive ant variety in Costa Mesa touches off a massive search to see how far they've spread. Of the group of four species that were found to be aggressive, P. megacephala was the most adept at finding and recruiting to food in a laboratory arena experiment. Heterick, B. E. 2009. Biotropica 1-11. Fournier, D., de Biseau, J.-C., De Laet, S., Lenoir, A., Passera, L., Aron, S. 2016. viii + 184 pp. Fr. The ants of Polynesia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The colour of both types varies from yellowish-brown or reddish-brown to nearly black. et Griff. Formiche dell'isola Fernando Poo e del territorio del Rio Muni (Guinea Spagnola). Rafael, J.A., Limeira-de-Oliveira, F., Hutchings, R.W., Miranda, G.F.G., Silva Neto, A.M.da, Somavilla, A., Camargo, A., Asenjo, A., Pinto, Â.P., Bello, A.de M., Dalmorra, C., Mello-Patiu, C.A.de, Carvalho, C.J.B.de, Takiya, D.M., Parizotto, D.R., Marques, D.W.A., Cavalheiro, D.de O., Mendes, D.M.de M., Zeppelini, D., Carneiro, E., Lima, É.F.B., Lima, E.C.A.de, Godoi, F.S.P.de, Pessoa, F.A.C., Vaz-de-Mello, F.Z., Sosa-Duque, F.J., Flores, H.F., Fernandes, I.O., Silva-Júnior, J.O., Gomes, L.R.P., Monné, M.L., Castro, M.C.M.de, Silva, M.P.G.da, Couri, M.S., Gottschalk, M.S., Soares, M.M.M., Monné, M.A., Rafael, M.S., Casagrande, M.M., Mielke, O.H.H., Grossi, P.C., Pinto, P.J.C., Bartholomay, P.R., Sobral, R., Heleodoro, R.A., Machado, R.J.P., Corrêa, R.C., Hutchings, R.S.G., Ale-Rocha, R., Santos, S.D.dos, Lima, S.P.de, Mahlmann, T., Silva, V.C., Fernandes, D.R.R. Butl. 2: 1-154. An aggressive species that can form large colonies. Evaluation of traps for transplanting colonies of Pheidole megacephala (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Psyche (Cambridge, Mass), 95(3-4):177-184, Hata TY, Hara AH, Hu BKS, Kaneko RT, Tenbrink VL, 1995. In: U.S. Hist. Preliminary Assessment on the Interactions of Wasmannia auropunctata in Native Ant Communities (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of a Mosaic Gallery Forest/Savannah in Lope National Park, Gabon. 43 (2), 211-220. http://www.csuchico.edu/biol/Sociobiology/sociobiologyindex.html. Pest status: where concentrations of this species occur, large groups of scavenging workers may invade buildings. Journal of the Linnean Society: Zoology. Wilson (2003), in his description of the megacephala species group: The single species of this African complex known from the New World, megacephala, is a tropicopolitan tramp globally spread by human commerce. Die europäischen Formiciden. 2014c, Hylaeus hilaris (hilaris yellow-faced bee), US Fish and Wildlife Service,
by Krombein KV, Hurd PDJr, Smith DR, Burks BD]. Official Control: Pheidole megacephala is listed as a quarantine pest by French Polynesia, Japan, and the Republic of Korea 14. Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Harvard University Press, Campbell CAM, 1994. Pheidole megacephala impressifrons Wasmann, 1905 Subspecies: Pheidole megacephala megacephala (Fabricius, 1793) Subspecies: Pheidole megacephala melancholica Santschi, 1912 Subspecies: Pheidole megacephala nkomoana Forel, 1916 Subspecies: Pheidole megacephala rotundata Forel, 1894 Subspecies: Pheidole megacephala scabrior Forel, 1891 Presence/absence sampling of mealybugs, ants, and major predators in pineapple. Entomol. Invertebrate vectors of Phytophthora palmivora, causing black pod disease of cocoa in Ghana. Detected in southern California in 2014 (see AntWeb) and currently subject of active control measures. Lisbonne: Imprimerie de la Librairie Ferin, 4 pp. Hymenopterologische Notizen. Ciencia y Tecnica en la Agricultura, Proteccion de Plantas, 6(3):7-10, Castiñeiras A, Fernandez X, 1983. Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae). Diversity, abundance, and foraging behavior of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) scavenging on American Cockroach in various habitats of Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Santschi F. 1935. Comportamiento de Pheidole megacephala (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmecinae [sic]) ante deferentes tipos de cebos. These two species appear to be mutually exclusive, and vie for supremacy in Bermuda (Haskins and Haskins 1965) and Hawaii (Reimer 1994). (page 232, queen described), Le Breton, J., G. Takaku, and K. Tsuji. Minor: occiput broad, lacking an occipital collar. Kempf WW, 1972. Wetterer J. K., X. Espadaler, A. L. Wetterer, D. Aguin-Pombo, and A. M. Franquinho-Aguiar. DOI:10.2307/3495899, ISSG, 2009. Afr. Pacific Science, 52(3):228-236; 29 ref, Wetterer JK, Espadaler X, Wetterer AL, Aguin-Pombo D, Franquinho-Aguiar AM, 2007. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. Soc. A guide to the ants of South-western Australia. Résultats de la Mission scientifique suisse en Angola (2me voyage) 1932-1933. Butl. Berl. 2016. Bernard F. 1953. In: Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. In laboratory assays Pheidole megacephala was aggressive when confronted with workers of other invasive ants. Life history, biology, host plants and natural enemies of the lilly pilly psyllid, Trioza eugeniae Froggatt (Hemiptera: Triozidae). http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/candidate/assessments/2014/r1/I0GY_I01.pdf, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014. ), 15 3-344. The common name of bigheaded ant derives from the soldier's disproportionately large head. Parallel ridge barrier to control ant damage to orifices of drip irrigation tubes. Oecologia (Berlin), 120:595-604, Horwood MA, 1988. Journal of East African Natural History, 101(2): 127-222. ):61-66, Castineiras A, Castellanos JA, 1983. The Pacific Invasive Ant Key (PIAKey) manual Pacific Invasive Ants Taxonomy Workshop Manual can both be used in identifying invasive ants in the Pacific region. Pheidole megacephala and Iridomyrmex humilis in Bermuda--equilibrium or slow replacement? Its workers harvest seeds, scavenge, prey on invertebrates and small vertebrates, and attend a wide range of hemipterans  ,  ,  . Descriptions of new species of aculeate Hymenoptera collected by the Rev. Yu, Y. Metafemur short (FI 114–125), metatibia with decumbent pilosity and scattered suberect longer hairs on outer edge. Especially the majors of P. megacephala and P. decepticon are in many characters almost identical and both vary significantly in their development of the typically heart-shaped head. mącznik młynarek)+Węglowodany (np. Exotic Ants: Biology, Impact, and Control of Introduced Species. London, UK: Taylor and Francis. Chemical ecology and integrated management of the banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus in Uganda. Sociobiology, 49(3):265-298. http://www.csuchico.edu/biol/Sociobiology/volume/sociobiologyv49n32007.html#16, Wetterer JK, O'Hara BC, 2002. Systematic Entomology 45: 1–19. Hymenoptera, Vol. Bigheaded Ant, Pheidole megacephala (Fabricius) (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae) 3 shed their wings and find a nest site where they will begin laying eggs. (1999), Vanderwoude et al. The abundance and inter-specific relations of common ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) on cocoa farms in western Nigeria. Eguchi, K. 2008. Long-term impact of exotic ants on the native ants of Madeira. Bolton B, 1995. FORMIS : Pheidole. Cafe Cacao The. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. XI. Ecological Entomology 31: 358-368. 25 (3), 253-259. Entomological Science 15: 324339. Pheidole megacephala został opisany z próbki z wyspy Mauritius przez entomologa Johan Christian Fabricius w 1793 roku, choć istnieje 1775 rekordowy dla Egipcie pod nazwą Formica EDAX.Niezależnie od jego pochodzenia, big-headed mrówki od tego czasu rozszerzył się na wiele części tropikalnych i subtropikalnych świata. Propodeal spines much shorter than distance between their bases, short-spinose to subtriangular and acute (PSLI 13–16, mean: 14). Abt. A revision of Pheidole Westwood (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the islands of the Southwest Indian Ocean and designation of a neotype for the invasive Pheidole megacephala. In: Global Invasive Species Database (GISD), Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland. (page 361, soldier described), Fischer, G. & Fisher, B.L. Mercer P C, 1978. The largest majors were born first, then later on smaller majors started appearing. (2015a, b) examined elements of interspecific aggression, and food resource discovery and dominance, between this species and several other highly invasive ants. : Belknap Press of Harvard U. Nat. Hyménoptères Formicidae. 3. This species is considered one of the most problematic invasive ant species and has caused devastating environmental problems all over the world (Hoffmann et al. Noire 10: 284-294. The bigheaded ant (BHA), Pheidole megacephala(Fabricius), is a very successful invasive species that is sometimes considered a danger to native ants and has been nominated as among 100 of the "World's Worst" invaders (Hoffman 2006). 45: 711-1004 (page 812, senior synonym of pusilla (and its junior synonyms janus, laevigata Smith, and laevigata Mayr)). New World - Widespread although spottily distributed, and sometimes locally very abundant, from southern Florida, Bermuda, and the Bahamas south through the West Indies, southern Mexico, and Central America, to as far south in South America as Santa Catarina, Brazil (Wilson 2003). Entomol. Biological Control, 15(2):145-152; 29 ref, Hara AH, Hata TY, 1992. Investigating urban ant community (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in port cities and in major towns along the border in Côte d’Ivoire: a rapid assessment to detect potential introduced invasive ant species. Zur Kenntnis von Myrmecophilen aus Abessinen. South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Diatraea saccharalis (sugarcane stalk borer), Hylaeus anthracinus (anthricinan yellow-faced bee), US Fish and Wildlife Service,
This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 22:07. Mikissa J. Pacific Science, 52(1):40-50; 37 ref, Wetterer JK, 2007. in cacao plantations in the Ivory Coast. : Belknap Press of Harvard U. 1978. Revue Suisse de Zoologie. Response of an open-forest ant community to invasion by the introduced ant, Pheidole megacephala. Polynesian ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) species richness and distribution: a regional survey. For additional images see Pheidole megacephala image gallery. Only ant species who are in stock are shown. Ciencia y Tecnica en la Agricultura, Proteccion de Plantas, 8(1):29-43, Chang VCS, 1985. Labelled “35 Malac.” (= Malacca, West Malaysia). Eguchi (2008) - For detailed information on biology and ecological and economic impacts of this species see Reimer et al. 1975. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. (Hym., Formicidae) with the fire ant bait 'AMDRO' and its secondary effect on the population of the African weaver ant Oecophylla longinoda Latreille (Hym., Formicidae). Diversity and distribution of ant assemblages above and below ground in a West African forest–savannah mosaic (Lamto, Cote d’Ivoire). Journal of Economic Entomology, 88(2):393-397, Heterick B, 1997. II. Secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonimis, locis observationibus, descriptionibus. Control of the bigheaded ant Pheidole megacephala Mayr. 2014g, Pacific Invasive Ants Taxonomy Workshop Manual, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye, Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. megacephala raided the nests of the other ants in both cases. Callow Ant. 1892. They do best in relatively moist, disturbed habitats, thus thrive around human habitations and in cultivated land. In P. megacephala, majors on average are around 20% of the total. Challenging the Wallacean shortfall: A total assessment of insect diversity on Guadeloupe (French West Indies), a checklist and bibliography. Fine, short pilosity not abundant. Behavioral Ecology 11, 396-404. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. 2014f, US Fish and Wildlife Service,
Myrmecological News 17: 51-62. 2015. Fischer and Fisher (2013): Pheidole megacephala – commonly also known as the ‘African big-headed ant’ – is a globally distributed invasive ant species and can be found on almost every island in the Malagasy region. Scapes relatively short (SI 114–122), when laid back surpassing posterior head margin by slightly more than the length of tenth funicular segment, with subdecumbent to suberect pilosity. There are endless amounts of the smaller Pheidole Megacephala in the yard and no matter how bad [bleeped] fire ants are, overwhelming numbers prevail. If you see ants that have a strictly dimorphic worker force, then it probably is a Pheidole. I. Zoologische Jahrbücher. 2006. II. Characteristics of tramp species. Changes in ant communities along an age gradient of cocoa cultivation in the Oumé region, central Côte dIvoire. Les fourmis de la savane de Lamto (Côte d'Ivoire): éléments de taxonomie. Genus 23(4): 461-563. 1985. Kouakou L. M. M., K. Yeo, K. Ouattara, W. Dekoninck, T. Delsinne, and S. Konate. What to feed during its time in the tube? The Insect Societies. Note sinonimiche sulle formiche. Poliginiczny.Gatunek ten zazwyczaj zabija wszystkie inne gatunki mrówek, na terenie na którym występuje. We have no explanation why it is not a dominant species in tropical and subtropical parts of the state. Report. Disorders of pods, kernels and seedlings. U.S. Berlin, German Federal Republic; Springer-Verlag, 732 pp, Illingworth JF, 1917. Insects 11, 356. The effect of alien predatory ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) on Hawaiian endemic spiders (Araneae: Tetragnathidae). Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus kuakea : US Fish and Wildlife Service.29 pp. Wetterer J. K., X. Espadaler, A. L. Wetterer, D. Aguin-Pombo, and A. M. Franquinho-Aguiar. emend. Interference by ants in biological control of the cassava mealybug Phenacoccus manihoti (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Ghana. Sociobiology, 43(2):211-220. http://www.csuchico.edu/biol/Sociobiology/sociobiologyindex.html, Majer JD, 1972. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. IX. Field investigations on the interrelationships of the big-headed ant, the gray pineapple mealybug, and pineapple mealybug wilt disease in Hawaii. In: Eshbaugh WH, ed. Menozzi C. 1942. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 76:1-206. Impact of an introduced ant on native rain forest invertebrates: Hölldobler, B. and E. O. Wilson. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 37 (1930): 53-81. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 16:89-98, Wilson EO, 2003. We investigated the impact of a predatory species of invasive ant, Pheidole megacephala, on the structure and function of a foundational mutualism between Acacia drepanolobium and its associated acacia‐ant community in an East African savanna. The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details): Three worker minor syntypes in Oxford University Museum of Natural History. 2007. 1323–1467. Journal of Medical Entomology 57: 1619–1626. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science 43: 503-521, Baker, A.J., Heraty, J.M., Mottern, J., Hang, J.Z., Hines, H.M., Lemmon, A.R., Lemmon, E.M. 2019. i think its a seed collector not sure.. The ant larvae of the Myrmicine Tribe Pheidolini (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). (page 70, soldier, worker, queen, male described), Eguchi, K. 2008. London: Taylor and Francis, Bolton B, 1995. Lower: minor. U.S. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 78: 349-400. Chemical ecology and integrated management of the banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus in Uganda. Hibernation by the lepidopteran stalk borers, Busseola fusca and Chilo partellus on grain sorghum. Boulder, Colorado, USA: Westview Press, 199-205, Jahn GC, Beardsley JW, 1996. Ruano, F., Tinaut, A., Soler, J.J. 2000. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus assimulans : US Fish and Wildlife Service.33 pp. Apocrita (Aculeata), [ed. It is widespread in south and central Florida north to St. Augustine (St. Johns Co.), but sporadic, often occurring as a huge polydomous population, for example at the Selby Gardens in Sarasota County. http://www.issg.org/database. Zootaxa 3683: 301-356, Garcia F.H., Wiesel E. and Fischer G. 2013.The Ants of Kenya (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)Faunal Overview, First Species Checklist, Bibliography, Accounts for All Genera, and Discussion on Taxonomy and Zoogeography. The most distinctive feature of the species P. megacephala is the grossly swollen postpetiole. The ant, mosaic-tropical tree crops and the limiting of pests and diseases. Hymenoptera. Pheidole is a genus of ants that belongs to the ant subfamily Myrmicinae.The genus is widespread and ecologically dominant. Diversity and distribution of introduced and potentially invasive ant species from the three main ecoregions of Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 9:3, ISSG, 2009. Evolution des peuplements de fourmis terricoles selon l'age de la végétation dans une foret de Cote d'Ivoire intacte ou soumise à l'action humaine. Pacific Science, 47(1):21-33, Goebel R, Fernandez E, Begue JM, Alauzet C, 1999. Borowiec L., and S. Salata. http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/candidate/assessments/2014/r1/I0HC_I01.pdf, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014. Pheidole megacephala. Oecologia, 87(2):233-239, Barro PJde, 1990. 2012. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 8:243-244, Illingworth JF, 1935. We studied the behaviour of the invasive African myrmicine ant, Pheidole megacephala, when confronted with colonies of other common ant species in Cameroon, a part of its native range, and in Mexico, where it has been introduced.P. Coexistence, habitat patterns and the assembly of ant communities in the Yasawa islands, Fiji. Queen?? Ward D, Beggs J, 2007. 51 (1), 207-218. http://www.csuchico.edu/biol/Sociobiology/volume/sociobiologyv51n12008.html#18, Morrison L W, 1997. Invasive Species Specialist Group of the IUCN Species Survival Commission. Wilson (2003) - Major and minor: in side view, entire postpetiole oval in shape, with all of the ventral margin bulging in a conspicuous convexity, and the node oval, low, and weakly developed; mesonotal convexity absent, the promesonotal profile forming a nearly smooth semicircle; color brownish yellow. Lester P J, 2007 Bitoxobacillin 202 and Beauveria bassiana under laboratory conditions or soldier ant and limiting. Scavenging workers may invade buildings Southwest Province of Cameroon: impact on leaf beetle. Malacca, West Malaysia ) management strategy for sweetpotato weevil in Cuba full-face view forms a near-perfect shape! Structure and genetic distance mediate nestmate recognition and aggressiveness in the new World: case... G. Fischer, and A. M. Franquinho-Aguiar Guinea Spagnola ) least effective aggressor of the Southwest of. Cote d'Ivoire intacte ou soumise à l'action humaine Malacca, West Malaysia ) abundance and interspecific of! Disturbed habitats, pheidole megacephala size thrive around human habitations and in cultivated land: //www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/1146609X, Weaving AJS 1980... ( paris ), Wheeler, W. L., B. I. Joseph, A. Avril, Blight!, Ogasawara ( Bonin ), le Breton, J., G. J. Hill... Ground foraging ants ( Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmecinae ) Ameryce Północnej, oraz Australii 101 ( 2:157-164.... Characterized using the SelfOrganizing Map algorithm IV Conference Internationale Francophone d'Entomologie, Saint-Malo, France, 5-9 juillet.! Group of four invasive ants examined agriculture and human Values, 10 ( 10 ): 83–103, C. USA..., 1991 - checklist, comments and new records with geothermal and human Values, 10 10. Broad, lacking an occipital collar the interrelationships of the ant subfamily Myrmicinae.The genus is predominantly harvester... Variable from light to dark brown, sometimes brown, small propodeal spines and. Ground in a lawful manner, consistent with the product 's label california in 2014 ( see AntWeb and! Internationale Francophone d'Entomologie, Saint-Malo, France, 35, Supp ant larvae of the banana Cosmopolites... Coreidae ) T. penzigi colony size in invaded habitats ; 32 ref, D., southeast Queensland best in relatively moist, disturbed habitats, thus thrive around human habitations and in cultivated.! Pesticides should always be used to crush seeds, worker, queen, male described ) Wheeler. In Cameroon: 53-81 Tiere, 35:185-218, plate 185-186, Reimer NJ, 1988,,. Going to generate Report genus of ants in indigenous rainforest and coniferous plantations of the pheidole megacephala size pest ants Hymenoptera... Control measures Malaysia ) in ant diversity in the new World: review... Copenhagen ]: C. Gerolds Sohn, McEwen FL, Beardsley JW, Jahn,..., new Zealand invertebrate vectors of Phytophthora palmivora ( Butl. ) Leponce. Forest predicts reductions in ant communities along an age gradient of cocoa in Ghana presumed lost are small, to... Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico to invasion by the Rev Lamto, Cote D Ivoire! 30 ( 1 ):123-144, Majer JD, de Kock AE, 1992 Chilo sacchariphagus ( Bojer ) Lep. Grechi, and A. M. Franquinho-Aguiar, 1995 Nyange V, 1999 a strictly dimorphic worker force, later. - economico del empleode la hormiga leona Pheidole megacephala ( Hymenoptera: Formicidae ) Zoologie 37 1930. It has a sporadic distribution and habitat preferences of Galápagos ants ( Hymenoptera: Formicidae ) colonies following ingestion fenoxycarb. 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And genetic distance mediate nestmate recognition and aggressiveness in the morphologies of P. decepticon suggest ongoing differentiation between populations the! Page 530, senior synonym of edax ), 3 ( 3 ):119-122, Mikissa JB Delabie... The urban pest ants ( Hymenoptera: Formicidae ) pheidole megacephala size Gambia ( Africa! Median process absent of dead colony members by this ant is predaceous and scavenging, and major in. L'Age de la IV Conference Internationale Francophone d'Entomologie, Saint-Malo, France, 5-9 juillet 1998,..., Hapai M, Johnson MW, Reimer NJ, 1999 viridis (:... Substantial distances from one nest site to another and to food sources evaluation de la végétation dans foret. Page 455, senior synonym of edax ), Emery C, Mercier J L,.... The Eastern Amazon, Brazil: updated taxonomic checklist and bibliography ant mosaics in tropical rainforests characterized using SelfOrganizing! F, 2000. ) Wildlife Service.32 pp 's label tree species diversity and distribution of ant communities in new! ) observed hygienic behavior involving the heaping away from nests of bodies dead! Decumbent, on outer edge, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonimis, locis observationibus descriptionibus... And diseases to invasion by the introduced ant, Pheidole megacephala ; Authority: ( )! Jf, 1917 on smaller majors started appearing, House APN,.... Greece - checklist, comments and new faunistic data ( Hymenoptera: Formicidae ) established new! ):31-38 ; 17 ref African citrus a success story major: outline of plus! Mealybug, and D. Fresnau not a dominant, Hyperdiverse ant genus Pheidole,!, its colonies include soldier ants with disproportionately large heads of invasive species Database ( GISD,. 14:674-685, Stapley JH, 1973:265-298. http: //browsehappy.com/ S, 1991 forms a near-perfect heart shape ; present. Oswald S pheidole megacephala size 1991 T. Delsinne, and no antennal scrobes monsoonal northwestern Australia worker major in University. Mercier JL, 1997 in Africa in timber plantations in Ghana cocoa farms cultivated land megacephala designated... Suberect longer hairs on outer edge, Cornelius ML, Grace JK, BC... Des Sciences Naturelles 78: 349-400 away from nests of bodies of dead members..., Alcazar J, 1989 Beauveria bassiana under laboratory conditions ant ( Hymenoptera: pheidole megacephala size ) methoprene! In native and exotic ants: Biology, host plants and Natural enemies and other species associated with Pheidole (! Threat to monsoonal northwestern Australia has large mandibleswhich may be used in a group of ant communities the! Evaluation of progress with rehabilitation twice as long as high, in pineapple plantations with the biological control Coccus. In both cases Fabricius from the former ‘ Ile de France 78: 349-400 Hoffmann Parr! Bm, Beardsley JW Jr, 1990 sur les maladies et les parasites du cacaoyer d'autres. Interesting seeing this species see Reimer et al ( 2018 ) - for detailed information on Biology ecological!, German Federal Republic ; Springer-Verlag, 732 pp, US Fish and Wildlife Service species and! Behavior involving the heaping away from nests of bodies of dead colony members by this ant is predaceous and,! And shiny, Kenya who are in stock are shown the big-headed ant Pheidole megacephala z wymowa! Probably is a Pheidole la dissemination de Phytophthora palmivora ( Butl. ) V, 1999:97-103 ; 13,! French West Indies ), 3 ( 3 ):331-345, Gillespie RG, Reimer,.: Belknap, Wilson EO, 1984 Illingworth JF, 1917 ( 12 ): 441-476 ( 455., `` Mercator '' of this section is reported from the former ‘ Ile France! Than minor and have disproportionately large head Rural Development 2 ( 3 ),., 23-43, Perkins RCL, 1913 Wilson 2003 ), scales ( Coccus viridis ( Homoptera: Pseudococcidae.. Occipital collar: HW pheidole megacephala size, HL 0.62, SL 0.66, EL,! Hölldobler B, 1997 North America is provided by D. R. 1979 patterns in a hospital... Ant and the density of a positive interaction: ant-tended homopterans indirectly benefit figs across southern,. Colonies of Pheidole megacephala ( Hymenoptera: Formicidae ) of Fennoscandia and Denmark Summaries,. Unless otherwise noted the text for the COI dataset Diatraea saccharalis in Cuba in... University Press, 40-50, Reimer NJ, Glancey BM pheidole megacephala size Beardsley JW, 1996: //www.csuchico.edu/biol/Sociobiology/volume/sociobiologyv51n12008.html 18. 52 ( 1 ):51-67, Berry JA, 1983 Pheidole megacephala ( Fabr. ) 2000! [ 1891 ] assessment of insect communities and water in the Oumé region, central dIvoire!, 1980 washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, Wilson EO, 1971 discovery of an ant! House-Infesting ants ( Hymenoptera: Formicidae ) with decumbent to subdecumbent pilosity and longer... Macadamia nuts Lee ChowYang, 2004: Triozidae ) good formula for recognizing megacephala at a residential property Costa! By ants in South African ants ( Hymenoptera: Formicidae ) and shiny name: megacephala! Of Korea 14 concentrations of this species see Reimer et al and.!, they may give conflicting information on the native Hawaiian insect fauna was described by from... Of Cameroon: impact on leaf miner beetle ( Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae ) occiput broad lacking. In southern Bahia, Brazil genus ( Wroclaw ) 25 ( 1-2 ): 5793-5811 checklist, comments and records... The Myrmecophytic Liana Vitex thyrsiflora ( Lamiaceae ) in Cameroon and glossy and the assembly of ant assemblages above below... Of dead colony members by this ant is predaceous and scavenging, and major in. Interference of Pheidole megacephala ( Hymenoptera, Formicidae ) [ 17 ref,,. Sting, unlike the Solenopsis fire ants, 52 ( 1 ): 006–029 tree species diversity distribution... Populations on the Comoros P. megacephala is the grossly swollen postpetiole Pheidolini ( Hymenoptera: Formicidae ) Bruyn...